❇ *Confusing words*🤔💬💭
💠 a while/awhile
The two-word expression, *a while*, is a noun phrase — “a” is an article and “while” is a noun. It means for an “uncertain duration of time, a period of time”. This period of time may be short or long. *While* is pronounced as /waɪl/ but not /hwail/.
The one-word expression, *awhile* is an adverb and it means “for a short time or period”. It is pronounced as /ɛwaɪl/.
1. It’s been *a while* we met.✅
2. I will wait for you *awhile*.✅
❇ *Misused words/expressions*❌
💠 i.e. and e.g.
These are abbreviations that are useful when writing. The full renditions are *id est* and *exempli gratia*. They are Latin words.
*Id est* (i.e.) means _’that is’_, or _’in other words’_. It means you are throwing more light on what has been said earlier. It doesn’t mean you are giving examples.
When you want to give examples (informally), use *e.g.* It means _’for example’_. It doesn’t also mean you are throwing more light on what has been said earlier.
In formal writing, it is not advisable to use the abbreviations. Write them in full, that is, write “for example” and “that is” instead of “e.g.” and “i.e.” respectively. Whenever you use the abbreviations, note that there is a full stop (.) after each letter.
1. We need a democratic government, *that is*, a government under constitutional rule. ✅ [That is = i.e.]
2. Silvia requested some ingredients, *for example*, onion, tomatoes, carrots, etc. [For example = e.g.]
💠 Rules for writing numbers (continued)
*Rule One: Numbers that are spelt out*
1. Numbers under 10.
2. Numbers beginning a sentence.
3. Fractions. Fractions are usually hyphenated. Example: About *one-third* of the students didn’t come for the class.
When it is a mixed fraction, we use the numerals unless it begins the sentence.
Example: We need only *1½* cup of rice.
💠 Portmanteau /pɔːtˈmæn.təʊ/
“A large travelling case usually made of leather, and opening into two equal sections; a suitcase,” etc.
In linguistics, a *portmanteau* word is formed from blending or joining two words. For example, *emoticons* was formed from “emotions” and “icons”.
*Portmanteau* is of a French origin. It is not pronounced as /potomanto/. It is pronounced as /pɔɔt men tou/.
1. He was never seen without his *portmanteau*.✅
❇ *Spell Check*☑
The plural for *aircraft* is *aircraft*.
1. The army has many *aircraft*.
💠 New innovations
This expression is tautological. An *innovation* is “a new method, idea, product, etc.”, so it is not necessary to modify it with “new”.
1. Young ones are advised to come up with *new innovations*.❌
Young ones are advised to come up with *innovations*.✅
❇ *Idiom of the day*🆔
💠 In stitches
If you are *in stitches*, it means you are laughing so hard that your sides hurt.
1. When the comedian mounted the stage, he had all of us *in stitches*.✅
❇ *Word of the day*
What came to mind when you saw this word? Noise? 😂😜Don’t worry, we are in the same soup. It doesn’t mean noisy; it means *smelly*. Something which smells badly is *noisome*. It is an adjective.
1. We couldn’t stand the *noisome* smell emanating from the gutter.✅
❇ *Conversation Tip*✅
💠 To be a good listener,
1. Listen to understand, not only to respond.
2. Don’t have a divided attention.
3. Involve other senses when listening. (Eye contact is important)
4. Don’t be interrupting too often. People noted for saying *sorry to cut you short* can be very annoying.
5. Know that listening is different from hearing.
❇ *Literary device of the day*🚸
“A symbol is literary device that contains several layers of meaning, often concealed at first sight. Symbolism is using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning”.
1. “The phrase ‘a new dawn’ does not talk only about the actual beginning of a new day but also signifies a new start, a fresh chance to begin and the end of a previous tiring time.”
❇ *Countries and their people*🇬🇭🇺🇸🇳🇿
A person from Iceland is an *Icelandic*.
❇ *Collective noun*🎛
A group of oxen is called a *yoke*.